1610, Galileo Galilei observes the four largest moons of Jupiter, naming them, and they are now known as the Galilean moons.
1782, the Bank of North America opens.
1797, the modern Italian flag is first used.
1931, Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight from Australia to New Zealand in 11 hours and 56 minutes.
1943, Nikola Tesla, inventor and engineer, dies.
1953, explorer Osa Johnson, known for her exploits with husband Martin, dies.
1973, Mark Essex shoots and kills 10 people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnson's hotel in New Orleans before being shot to death by police officers.
1990, the Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public. It would not reopen until 2001 after more than decade of corrective reconstruction and stabilization efforts.
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